AGRIPPA, MARCUS VIPSANIUS°


AGRIPPA, MARCUS VIPSANIUS°
AGRIPPA, MARCUS VIPSANIUS° (63–12 B.C.E.), Roman general and statesman, devoted friend and son-in-law of the emperor Augustus. Agrippa was appointed governor of the eastern provinces, which he ruled (until 21 B.C.E.) from Mytilene, on the island of Lesbos. During his stay there, Agrippa was visited by Herod; this was the beginning of a long friendship between the two men. Agrippa was eventually named heir to Augustus. When Agrippa returned to Asia Minor in 16 B.C.E., Herod invited him to visit his kingdom, and the next year the Roman general was received with great enthusiasm in Jerusalem. In the spring of 14 B.C.E. Herod, who was in command of a fleet, offered assistance to Agrippa in his planned expedition to the Bosphorus. This expedition did not take place, however, and instead the two allies traveled together through a great part of Asia Minor. When, in the course of this journey, the Jews of Ionia complained to Agrippa regarding an attempt by the Greeks to infringe their civic and religious rights, the Roman regent, probably under Herod's influence, upheld them. Their relationship was summed up by Josephus: "He (Herod) stood in Caesar's affection next after Agrippa, and in Agrippa's, next after Caesar." In 13 B.C.E. Herod sent his son Antipater to Rome, entrusting him to Agrippa so that he might gain Caesar's friendship. The following year, however, Agrippa died. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Wars, 1:400, 416; Jos., Ant., 12:125–7; 15:318, 350–61; 16:12–62, 86, 141, 157, 167–73; 17:229; Philo, De Legatione ad Gaium, 291; Schuerer, Gesch, index; M. Reinhold, Marcus Agrippa (Eng., 1933); Pauly-Wissowa, 2nd series, 16 (1961), 1226–75. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius — born 63 BC? died March, 12 BC , Campania Powerful deputy of Augustus. He helped Octavian (later Augustus) take power after Julius Caesar s murder (44 BC), defeating Sextus Pompeius in 36 and Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium in 31. He went on… …   Universalium

  • Agrippa,Marcus Vipsanius — A·grip·pa (ə grĭpʹə), Marcus Vipsanius. 63 12B.C. Roman soldier and statesman who commanded the fleet that defeated the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra at Actium (31). * * * …   Universalium

  • Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa Postumus — (* 12 v. Chr.; † 14 n. Chr.) war der jüngste Sohn des Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa und der Iulia, der Tochter des Augustus. Er wurde erst nach dem Tod seines Vaters geboren, daher der Name „Postumus“. Nach dem Tod seiner älteren Brüder Gaius Caesar… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Agrippa. Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa — This article is about the Roman statesman and general. For the personal name, see Agrippa (praenomen). For a list of individuals with this name, see Agrippa (disambiguation). Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa …   Wikipedia

  • Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa — Agrippa, um 25 v. Chr. (Louvre) Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (* 63 v. Chr. oder 64 v. Chr. in Arpinum oder in Dalmatien; † 12 v. Chr. in Kampanien) war ein römischer Feldherr und Politiker, Freund und Schwiegersohn des Augustus sowie Vorfahr der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MARCUS Vipsanius Agrippa — vide Argrippa, et M. Agrippa …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa — noun Roman general who commanded the fleet that defeated the forces of Antony and Cleopatra at Actium (63 12 BC) • Syn: ↑Agrippa • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Агриппа Марк Випсаний (Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa) — (около 63 — 12 до н. э.), римский полководец, сподвижник Августа, одержал ряд крупных побед в ходе борьбы за власть. Известен постройками в Риме (водопровод, Пантеон, термы) и в Галлии. Автобиография и географические комментарии Агриппы… …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Marcus Agrippa — Agrippa, um 25 v. Chr. (Louvre) Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (* 63 v. Chr. oder 64 v. Chr. in Arpinum oder in Dalmatien; † 12 v. Chr. in Kampanien) war ein römischer Feldherr und Politiker, Freund und Schwiegersohn des Augustus sowie Vorfahr der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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